What Does Visual Perception Mean?
What Does Visual Perception Mean? The term visual perception refers to the process by which we perceive what is happening in our environment through sight. It’s an important aspect of how we experience life, and it plays a crucial role in learning, memory, and attention. Visual perception is also integral for safe navigation of the physical world – without it there would be no way to detect obstacles or hazards that may interfere with our journey.
What does visual perception mean? Let’s find out!
What is visual perception?
Visual perception refers to the brain’s ability to make sense of what the eyes see. This is not the same as visual acuity which refers to how a person sees (for example “6/6 vision”). A person can have 6/6 vision and still have problems with visual perceptual processing.
According to a study, most of the children diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder have a secondary diagnosis of Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD). So, sensory activities for autism must be part of their routine.
Visual perceptual skills have seven categories. Let’s take a short review of each category:
It is the ability to determine one form or part of a form that is turned in a different direction than the others. This is the main reason that our children have such difficulty in recognizing b and d or p and q.
It refers to remembering a series of forms and finding it among other forms. If your child is having a hard time sequencing the alphabet, or copying from one place to another, this may be a problem with sequential memory.
Visual discrimination is the capability to distinguish between objects and forms. This comprises skills like being able to recognize money and sort coins or other objects. If they are facing difficulties distinguishing the differences between or the similarities between pictures or objects, they have a difficult time recognizing and differentiating between n and m, b and d, and p and q.
Form constancy is the capability to see a form and find it among other forms, although it is sized differently or rotated. Again, this is another reason why some children will have trouble recognizing letters and numbers (e.g., recognizing that 6 and 9 are two different numbers).
This is a slight difference from visual sequential memory. Visual memory is the capability to store visual details in short-term memory, such as recalling a phone number. When visual memory is deficient it will affect reading comprehension. Think about showing a picture to a kid, and then putting it on a side and asking questions about the picture. A child who has difficulty remembering the picture may have problems with visual memory.
Visual closure is related to abstract problem solving and is defined as the ability to fill in the missing particulars into an unfinished shape. An example of visual closure is solving a puzzle; being able to remember a picture in the mind and to piece it together correctly. This category also relates to problems with writing and spelling.
This is the ability to perceive a form and find it hidden in a conglomerated ground of matter. For example, asking a child to find the red colored pencil in their pencil box. Visual figure-ground is the ability to filter out all the other crayons to look for that red pencil.
Why Is Visual Perception Important?
Good visual perceptual skills are significant for all skills such as writing, reading, drawing, completing puzzles, cutting, completing math problems, dressing, finding your pair of socks as well as many other skills. Without the ability to complete these daily tasks, a child’s self-esteem can hurt and their academic and play performance is suffered.
What Are The Building Blocks Necessary To Develop Visual Perception?
- Sensory Processing: Accurate registration, interpretation, and response to sensory stimulation in the environment and the child’s own body.
- Visual Attention: The skill to focus on vital visual information and filter out unrelated background information.
- Visual Discrimination: The ability to remember differences or similarities in objects based on color, shape or size, etc.
- Visual Memory: The ability to recall visual characters of an object.
- Visual-Spatial Relationships: Considering the association of objects within the environment.
- Visual Sequential-Memory: The ability to remember an order of objects in the correct sequence.
- Visual Figure Ground: Ability to find something in a busy background.
- Visual Form Constancy: The ability to know that a form or shape is the same, even if it has been made smaller/larger or has been turned around.
- Visual Closure: The ability to recognize an object when the slice of the picture is missing.
What Other Problems Can Occur When A Child Has Difficulties With Visual Perception?
When a child has visual perception difficulties, they might face following consequences:
Academic Performance: They face problems completing easy academic tasks.
Attention and Concentration: Continued effort, doing activities without interruption, and being able to hold that exertion long enough to complete the task.
Self-Regulation: The ability to maintain and change one’s emotion, behavior, attention, and activity level appropriate for a task or situation in a socially acceptable manner.
Behaviour: They may refuse to join in activities that require visual perceptual skills or avoid such tasks.
Frustration: With detailed eye and hand-related tasks.
Avoidance: They may prefer to complete the task under the supervision, rather than completing themselves
Organisation: They may have trouble keeping track of and organizing belongings.
Visual-Motor Activities For Toddlers and Preschoolers
These simple visual-motor activities can assist to encourage toddler and preschool kids to visually focus on what their hands are doing.
Mature eye-hand harmonization needs that the eyes focus on an object and stay focused to guide the hands to complete an activity.
Performing these activities will benefit your toddler or preschooler to work on hand-eye coordination, visual focusing, and tracking skills, all of which are needed for reading, writing, and playing sports in a few years.
Cars and Trains and Tracks
Trains on tracks are a good eye-hand combined coordination activity which can develop the mindset of the young one to move hands carefully and in the correct path.
The ridges can stabilize the balance and help the hands to move the train on the track appropriately, along with improving vision and making the brain work faster in contact with the eye.
A car mat can also work well, helping your child drive cars with hands without going off!
Pegboards and Peg Puzzles
Pegboards and peg puzzles are sharpening activities that can reinforce the sense of the eye. Building different shapes and items with these pegs and a different tint to the mood and so refreshes the eyes and acts like a mint for the brain.
Children will have to focus on inserting the pegs into the holes at first but soon will become experts.
Posting and Dropping
This activity gives super satisfaction when colorful items are used for children. This is great at getting kids to pay attention to their hand movements and dropping into the right places.
What is better than using different hues to post and drop the matching items into the relevant container? Another thing that can be done is that you can prepare tubes of different colors and gather more items for the children to arrange and drop.
Shape sorters can also be used which sharpens the sense even more and your child becomes pro at it in no time.
This stacking blocks activity has always remained the toddler’s favorite one and improves visual and hand movement skills.
Care while performing this game is very important and makes the kid pay more attention and love this exercise more with its challenging properties.
This short yet fulfilled task helps your child learn about balancing and just with a little practice perfection gets adopted with the accuracy of piling cups.
Pouring and Filling
Kids love to play with the sand and water and it generates an important sensory experience. Give a container to the child and ask to fill it with sand at a particular level. The act of pouring and filling is a useful activity for the child to coordinate hand movements with the information that eyes are sending to the brain.
Balloons and Balls
Another activity to develop hand-eye coordination is swatting a balloon into the air and then hitting it with a hand to keep it up in the air. It is one of the favorite games of kids which is important for visual and brain coordination.
There is another way to practice such an activity , that is to put a ball into a net bag and tie it with a rope and hang it on a door frame. Now hit the ball or catch it without chasing all over the yard.
Visual perception is the process of acquiring, interpreting and understanding what we see. It’s a complex task that involves many different areas in our brains working together to give us an accurate view of the world around us. This article will help you understand how visual perception works and provide some activities for when your child or student needs practice with it!
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